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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

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FORTY-FOURTH ANNUAL CATALOGUE 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 

The Conservatory of Music 
and The Academy 

ANNVILLE, PA. 
1910 



Press of 
HrESTER Printing and Publishing Co. 

ANNVILLE, Pa. 



IvKBANON VALLKY COLLEGE 

CALENDAR 



1909-1910 

1909 

September, 15, Wednesday, College year began. 

November, 25, Thursday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 

December 22, Wednesday, Christmas vacation began. 

1910. 
January 5, Wednesday, Christmas vacation ended. 
January 24, Friday, First semester ended. 
January 31, Monday, Second semester began. 
April 8, Friday, Anniversary of Kalozetean Literary Society. 
May 6, Friday, Anniversary of Philokosmian Literary Society. 
May 25-27, Senior Final examinations. 
May 31-June 3, Final examinations. 
June 5, Sunday, 10:30 a. m.. Baccalaureate Sermon. 

7:30 p. ra.. Address before the Christian Associations. 
June 6, Monday, 2:00 p. m., Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

7:45 p. m.. Exercises by Graduating Class in Music. 
June 7, Tuesday, 7:45 p. m.. Junior Oratorical Contest. 

9:00 p. m., Alumni Banquet and Re-union. 
June 8, Wednesday, 10:00 a. m., Forty-fourth Annual Commencement. 

1910-1911 

1910. 

September 12 and 13, Examination and registration of students. 

September, 14, Wednesday, College year begins. 

November 24, Thursday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 

November 24 and 26, Thanksgiving Recess. 

December 22, Thursday, Fall Term ends. 

1911. 
January 4, Wednesday, Winter Term begins. 
January 23-27 Mid-year examinations. 
January 26, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 27, Friday, First semester ends. 
January 30, Monday, Second semester begins. 
February 12, Sunday, Day of Prayer for students. 
February 22, Monday, Washington's Birthday. 
March 24, Friday, Winter Term ends. 
March 27, Monday, vSpringTerm begins. 
June 7, Wednesday, Forty-fifth Annual Commencement. 



LEBANON VALI.KY COLI^EGK 3 

THE CORPORATION ■ 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

President Lawrence Keister, and Faculty, Ex-Officio. 

NAME KESIDENCE TERM EXPIRES 

Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 

Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D., Hanover 191 1 

Rev. Wm. H. Washinger, D. D.. Chambersburg 1912 

Rev. John E. Kleffman, A. B., Red Lion 1912 

John C. Heckert, Esq., Dallastcwn 191 1 

George G. Snyder, Esq., Hagerstown, Md. 1911 

Rev. Cyrus F. Floor, Myersville. Md. 1912 

Rev. John W. Owen, A. M., B. D. Ba'ltimore, Md. 1911 



Rev. G. D. Gossard, A. B.. B. D. Baltimore, Md. 

Rev. G. K. Hartman, A. M., York 



191G 
1910 



Rev. a. B. Statton, A. M., D. D., Hagerstown, Md. 1910 

W. O. Appenzellar, Esq. Chambersburg 1910 

Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 

Hon. W. H. Ulrich, Hummelstown 1912 

Isaac B. Haak, Esq., 

John Hunsicker, Esq., 

Rev. J. A. Lyter, D. D. 

Benjamin H. Engle, Esq., 

Jonas G. Stehman, Esq., 

Rev. D. D. Lowery, I). D. 

Samuel F. Engle, Esq., 

George F. Breinig. Esq., 

"D. Augustus Peters, Esq., 

Aaron Kreider, Eso.. 



Myerstown 


1910 


Lebanon 


1910 


Harrisburg 


1910 


Hummelstown 


1912 


Mountville 


1910 


Harrisburg 


1910 


Palmyra 


1912 


Allentown 


1910 


Steelton 


1912 


Annville 


1912 


Virginia Conference 




Martinsburg, W. Va. 


1912 


Berkeley Springs, Va. 


1911 


DaUon, Va. 


1912 


Harrisonburg, Va. 


1912 


Winchester, Va. 


1912 


Keyser, W. Va. 


1912 



Rev. W. F. Gruver 
Rev. E. E. Neff, 
Rev. a. S. Hammack, 
Eugene Tutwiler, 
Elmer Hodges, 
W. S. Secrist, 

TRUSTEES-AT-LARGE— Hon. Marlin E. Olmstead. L-L. D., Har- 
risburg; B Frank Keister, Esq., Scottdale; Warren A. 
Thomas, Esq., Johnstown; Ezra Gross, Esq., Greensburg. 

ALUMNAL TRUSTEES— Prof. H. H. Baish, A. M., '01, Altoona; 
Rev. E. O. Burtner, B. S., '90, Lykens; Rev. Alvin E. 
Shroyer, B. D. 'go, x\nnville, Pa. 
* Deceased. ... 



LEBANON VAIvIvKY COLLEGE 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 

OFFICERS 
President - . - - Rev. A. B. Statton, D. D. 
Vice President - - - Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D. 
Secretary _ . - . Rev. D. E. Long, A. B. 

Treasurer t - - E. Benjamin Bierman, Ph. D. * 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 
Lawrence Keister D. D. Lowery 

Aaron Kreider John Hunsicker 

W. H. Washinger W. O. Appenzellar 

J. G. Stehman 

FINANCE COMMITTEE 
J. S. Mills * G. C. Snyder 

B. H. Engle D. A. Peters ^ 

D. Eberly W. H. Washinger 

J. A. Lyter 

FACULTY COMMITTEE 
A. B. Statton H. H. Baish 

J. A. Lyter W. H. Ulrich 

AUDITING COMMITTEE 
J. A. Lyter E. O. Burtner 

LIBRARY AND APPARATUS COMMITTEE 
J. A. Lyter Geo. K. Hartnian 

E. O. Burtner H. H. Shenk 

GROUND AND BUILDINGS COMMITTEE 

George F. Breinig J. W. Owen 

G. W. Stover 

FIELD SECRETARY— Rev. D. E. Long, A. B. 

MATRON— Mrs. Violette Freed. 

* Deceased. + Rev. D. E. Long elected by the Executive Commit- 
tee to till the vacancy caused hy the death of E. B. Bierman. 



LEBANON VAI.I.EY COIvLEGE 5 

THE FACULTY AND OFFICERS 



REV. LAWRENCE KEISTER, S. T. B., D. D., 

President 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A. M., 

Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy, 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A. M., Dean, 
Professor of History and Political Science, 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M. S. Secretary, 
Professor of Biological Sciences. 

ETTA WOLFE SCHLICHTER. A. M., 

Professor of English. 

REV. ALVIN E. SHROYER, B. D., 

Professor of Greek, and Instructor in Bible. 

LOUISE PRESTON DODGE, Ph. D. 

Professor of Latin and French. 

HENRY E. WANNER. B. S. 

Professor of Chemistry and Physics. 

MARY E. SLEICHTER, A. M., 

Professor of German. 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A. M., 

Principal of the Academy. 

HARRY DYER JACKSON, A. B., 
Director of the Department of Music. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE FACULTY AND OFFICERS 



EDITH S. ESBENSHADE, A. M., 

Assistant in English, 

ALICE MAUDE JACKSON, 
Professor of Voice Culture. 

FRED. WEISS LIGHT, 
Violin. 

FLORENCE S. BOEHM, 
Instructor in art. 

LILLIAN CAIRNS EBY, Ph. M., B. O. 
Oratory and Physical Culture. 

LAURA CHRISTESON, 
Assistant on Piano. 

LENA MAE HOERNER, 
Laboratory Assistant in Biology. 

ROGER B. SAYLOR, 

Laboratory Assistant in Physics and Chemistry. 

MARY B. MUSSER, 
WILBER E. HARNISH, 
EDITH N. FREED, 
W. ALBERT BRUNNER, 

Teachers in Academy. 

REV. HENRY B. SPAYD, 

College Pastor. 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 7 

HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Vali^Ky Collegk originated in the action of East Penn- 
sylvania Conference at its annual session held at Lebanon in March, 1865. 
Resolutions were passed deciding the question of establishing a higher 
institution of learning to be located within the bounds of the East Penn- 
sylvania or of the Pennsylvania Conference. One year later the com- 
mittee appointed, recommended in its report: First, the establishment 
of a school of high grade under the supervision of the church; second, 
to accept for this purpose the grounds and buildings of what was then 
known as the Annville Academy, tendered as a gift to' the Conference; 
and, third, to lease the buildings and grounds to a responsible party 
competent to take charge of the school for the coming year. School 
opened May 7, 1S66, with forty-nine students. By the close of the col- 
legiate year one hundred and iifty-three were enrolled, thus demonstrat- 
ing at once the need of such an institution in this locality and the wis- 
dom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full university 
privileges under which a College faculty was organized with Rev. 
Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph. D., as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin 
Bierman, A.M., as principal of tlie Normal Department. The same year 
the Philokosmian Literary Society was organized by the young men, 
additional land was purchased and a large brick building erected there- 
on with chapel, recitation rooms, president's office, and apartments for 
sixty boarding students. The building was not furnished and fully oc- 
cupied till the fall of 1868. 

The first regular comm.encement occurred June 16, 1S70, when the 
first three graduates, William B. Bodenhorn, Albert C. Rigler, and Mary 
A. Weiss received their diplomas. 

About two years later opposition to the school manifested itself and 
President Vickroy stated in his report to the annual Conference that 
the attendance of students was reduced from one hundred to seventy- 
five, and the cause of this diminution was persistent opposition on the 
part of certain brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for five 
years, from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the charter was 
prepared and granted by the State Legislature, the laws and regulations 
for the internal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum establish- 
ed, and two classes — those of 1870 and 1871 — were graduated. In June, 
187 1, Prof. Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. During his 
term of office five classes were graduated, the Clionian Literary Society 



8 I.EBANON VAIvLKY COIvLKGE 

organized by the ladies, and the College made steady and substantial 
progress, but failing health compelled him to resign in June, 1876. 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D. D., became the third president. He 
found it necessary to reconstruct the faculty and retained but two of 
the former teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted 
to awaken interest in literary work among the young men by means of 
a healthy rivalry, and the music department was organized. In the 
summer of 1883 a large two-story frame building was erected on College 
Avenue, containing art room, music rooms, the department of natural 
science, a museum and the College library. During his presidency 
one-hundred and seven students were graduated, fourteen in music and 
ninety-three in the literary department. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, 
A. M., was elected president and took up the work with energy and 
ability. Enlargement was his motto and the friends of the College 
rallied to his support. Post graduate studies were offered. The Col- 
lege Forum made its appearance under the editorship of the Faculty. 
With a devotion that won the admiration of his friends he labored in- 
cessantly for nearly two years to make the College the peer of any in 
the State, but under this strain his health failed and he was obliged to 
retire at the close of the collegiate year of 18S9. 

The fifth president. Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D. D., assumed the 
duties of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He secured 
creditable additions to the endowment fund but because of discouraging 
conditions declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituency, 
divided its friends and greatly hindered its progress. Some were al- 
most in despair, others were indifferent, while others hoped and waited 
for the best. Under these conditions the Board of Trustees met in 
special session July 28, 1890, and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to the 
presidenc\ . He was inaugurated on the evening of the sixth of Novem- 
ber following. Buildings were renovated, a large number of students 
enrolled and the Marv A. Dodge Fund of ten thousand dollars received, 
"the interest of which only is to be loaned without charge to such pious 
young people as the Faculty of the College may deem worthy of help 
as students " The Silver Anniversary of the College was celebrated 
June 15, 1892. when money was raised to purchase about three acres of 
ground to be added to the college campus. With the experience of 
twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat opposition and overcome 
error and misconceived notions of higher education and to build up an 
institution of learning creditable to the United Brethren Church, the 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 9 

friends of the College entered upon the second quarter of a century 
with new hope and aspiration. 

President Bieruian served successfully until the spring of 1897, when 
he was succeeded by Rev. Hervm U. Roop, Ph. D., who held the ofQce 
till Jan. I, 1906, after which time the administration was in the hands 
of the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election of Rev. 
A. P. Funkhouser, A. M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the 
group system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the ath- 
letic field was acquired, when tiie disastrous fire of December 24, 1904, 
occured, sweeping away the Administration Building in a few hours, 
and when several new buildings arose on the campus — Engle Music 
Hall 1899, a^id the Carnegie Library and Ladies' Dormitory in 1904. The 
recuperative powers of the institution were put to the test by the 
destruction of the main building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, 
the friends of the College resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm to rebuild 
at once and with the stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from 
Andrew Carnegie received b}' the President, who had previously secured 
$20,000 from the same source plans were matured by which to raise one 
hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. The erection of three new 
buildings was projected — the Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating 
Plant and the new Administration Building, the latter being completed 
under the supervision of President Funkhouser, whose term of office is 
marked also by a strenuous effort to straighten ont the tangled threads 
in the financial skein and to meet the debt which rose to almost or al- 
together ninety thousand dollars. Bonds were issued to the amount of 
fifty thousand dollars and the co-operative college circles organized to 
relieve the financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S. T. B., D. D., was elected president of the 
College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
During his first year he solicited the money to secure the much needed 
equipment for the Science Department. The debt effort authorized by 
the Board, June 3, 1908, was carried forward successfully, $50,000 hav- 
ing been pledged, before Jan. i, 1909, according to the condition of the 
pledge which also required the continuation of the canvass to secure 
another $50,000 in order to cover the entire debt. The next forward 
step should be an endowment of $250,000 to commemorate the semi- 
centennial in 1916. 



lo I.KBANON VALIvKY COIvI^EGB 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, which is on the Harrisburg 
division of the Philadelphia and Reading Railway. Annville is also 
connected by trolley line with Lebanon and Harrisburg. 

Buildings and Grounds. 

There are seven buildings on the campus, the Carnegie Library, the 
Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, the 
Academy Building, the Administration Building, and the Heating Plant, 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of 
architecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for the 
growing library of the College. Each department has its particular 
books for reference in addition to the large number of volumes for gen- 
eral reference and study. An annual amount is appropriated by the 
Board of Trustees for the purchase of new books, and plans are being 
made for the enlargement of the library in order to meet the growing 
needs of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and 
ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading 
magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work 
of each department are here, as well as magazines of general literature. 
On the second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be equipped with 
the special works of reference for the various departments, where stu- 
dents doing the most serious work may study undisturbed. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, 
erected in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large college 
gatherings, a director's office and studio, practice rooms, and a large 
society hall. The building is well equippei^ with pianos and a large 
pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a 
building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms which will ac- 
commodate forty-five students, there are a society hall, a dining hall, a 
well equipped kitchen, and a laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms and 
sixteen suites of two bed rooms with a separate study room. These 
afford accommodations for eighty-five students. This building was also 
erected in 1905. 



GENERAI. INFORMATION ii 

THE ACADEMY BUILDING, the original building of the insti- 
tution, and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was founded, is 
now used as a dormitory. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, is in harmony with the 
buildings above described. It contains a low pressure heating system 
of the most perfect construction and supplies the heat for ail the build- 
ings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the installation of 
a light plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta trim- 
mings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of the Col- 
lege and the laboratories of the science department. The department 
of art has here commodious and modern quarters. The administration 
offices of fire proof construction are on the first floor. 

To accommodate all these buildings, the campus, originally of ten 
acres, has been recently enlarged by purchase. It occupies a high point 
in the centre of the town of Annville and is within easy access of all 
trolley and railroad lines. 

The athletic field of five and one-half acres is well located and ad- 
mirably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. On it are 
erected a grand stand and bleachers. 



Laboratories 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is occupied 
by the department of science. The Department of Chemistry occupies 
the first floor; Physics the second, and Biology the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methods, and students find everything arranged for 
their convenience. Stock rooms and special laboratories adjoin the 
general laboratories. The lecture rooms are provided with risers and 
Columbia tablet arm chairs. ySee floor plan page 34). 



Religious Work. 

Recognizing that most of its students come from Christian families, 
the College has always tried to furnish religious training. It believes 
in cultivating the heart as well as the mind, and encourages all whole- 
some means of promoting Christian influence. 



12 LKBANON VAIvIvKY COI^IvEGK 

Each school morning, a regular service is held in the college chapel, 
at which the students are required to be present. At this service there 
is singing, reading of Scripture, and prayer. Members of the Faculty 
conduct this' service. 

A student's prayer meeting is held once a week, and opportunities 
for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Associ- 
ations in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are required to attend public 
worship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

The religious life during the past year has been earnest and help- 
ful, and patrons may feel satisfied that high moral influences are being 
exerted constantly over their children. 



College Organizations 

Chri fifln '^^^ College has flourishing Young Men's and 

Young Women's Christian Associations, which hold 
regular weekly devotional services and conduct 

special courses of Bible and mission study, often in charge of members 

of the Faculty. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, 

and socials are held, so that they contribute incalculably to the pleasure 

of the student body. They are the centre of the spiritual welfare of the 

students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the 

College. 

Literarv Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and 

parliamentary traininji are afforded by the societies of 
Societies ^ ■' '^ j 

the College. There are three of these societies — one sus- 
tained by the young ladies, the Clionian, and two bj^ the young men, 
the Kalozetean and the Philokosmian. They meet every Friday even- 
ing in their well furnished halls for literary exercises consisting of 
orations, essays and debates. These societies are considered valuable 
agencies in college work, and students are advised to unite with one of 
them. 

Biolo2:ical ^^^^ Biological Field Club offers to any student of the 

^. . . ^. . College an opportunitv to collect, study, and discuss ob- 
Field Club ■ . t ■ . ^-.^.^un- x. ^ 

jects ot interest in the field of living nature. Frequent 

excursions are made to places of special interest to members of the club. 



Associations 



HISTORY OF THE COLLKGK 13 

Athletic ^^^^ Athletic Association is composed of all students 

. . and others connected with the College, who pay the 

Association required athletic fee. It elects, besides its own officers, 
the managers of the various athletic teams. 

The direct supervision of athletics is in the hands of the committee 
of the association, called the executive board of athletics. This board 
is made up of seven members as follows: Two members of the Faculty 
of the College; the president of the association, who is ex-officio presi- 
dent of the board; the baseball, football, and basket-ball managers, 
and the treasurer of the association. 

The Mathematical ^^'"^ Mathematical Round Table is an organi- 

zation of the students of the College who are 
Round Table interested in Mathematical Studies. It has 
been in successful operation for over a year. Its object is to create in- 
terest in and love for the "exact science." Its meetings are held on the 
last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers on mathematical his- 
tory and biography are read and discussed. Current events in the 
mathematical world and papers on various mathematical subjects have 
made the meetings very interesting and helpful. The club celebrated 
its first anniversary on February twenty-third. Prof. George H. Hal- 
lett, Ph. D., from the University of Pennsylvania delivered the address 
on "Some Concepts which are Fundamental to Klementary Mathe- 
matics." 

Modern Lan= ^" order to stimulate interest in the study of the 

modern languages, at the request of the junior and 
* * senior students of the modern language group, a club 

has been formed under the direction of the adviser of the group. The 
club meets every third Saturday afternoon or evening as occasion sug- 
gests. Student programs alternate with lectures by the teachers in the 
department. 

Literary and Musical Advantages 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of hear- 
ing lectures and talks delivered by resident professors and men of note 
in church and literary circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public 
speaking presents a number of programs during the year for the pleas- 
ure and benefit of the general student body. Concerts and recitals by 
prominent musicians are given under the patronage of the department 



14 IvEBANON VAIvIvKY COLLEGK 

of music with the aim of creating in the student an appreciation for the 
best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organiza- 
tions have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the course of lec- 
tures and concerts under the management of the Christian associations 
of the College. 

Administration 

. , . The following are the advisers for the students in each 

Advise vs 

of the five groups in which courses of instruction are of- 
fered: For the classical group, Professor Shroyer; for the mathemati- 
cal-physical, Professor Lehman; for the chemical-biological, Professor 
Derickson; for the historical-political. Professor Shenk; for the modern 
language, Professor Dodge; for the freshman class, Professor Shenk and 
for the Academy, Professor Spessard. The students of each group are 
amenable to the adviser in all matters of conduct, study and discipline. 
He is to grant leave of absence, permission to go out of town, and ex- 
cuses. His approval is necessary before a student may register for or 
enter upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. He is the 
medium of communication between the Faculty and the students of his 
group, and in a general way stands to his students in the relation of a 
friendly counsellor. 

. J. It is earnestly desired that students may be influenced 

to good conduct and diligence by higher motives than 
fear of punishment. The sense of duty and honor, the courteous and 
general feelings natural to young men and women engaged in literary 
pursuits, are appealed to as the best regulators of conduct. It is the 
policy of the administration to allow in all things as much liberty as will 
not be abused, and the students are invited and expected to cooperate 
with the Faculty; but good order and discipline will be strictly main- 
tained and misconduct punished by adequate penalties. The laws of 
the College are as few and simple as the proper regulation of a commu- 
nity of young men and women will permit. The College will not place 
its stamp or bestow its honors upon anyone who is not willing to deport 
himself becomingly. No hazing of any kind will be permitted. Every 
unexcused absence from any college duty, every failure or misdemeanor 
of a student is reported to the Faculty, and a record made of the same. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 15 

_,, .J,. .. The maximum number of hours, conditioned, per- 

Classification ^^ -, . ^ -, . r 'i 

mitted tor senior standing is tour; tor junior standing, 

six, for sophomore, eight, and for freshmen, to be decided for individual 
students by the committee on classification. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that prescribed 
by the curriculum is limited by the student's record for previous years 
as follows: 

(a) Majority of A's, nothing less than B — no limit. 

(b) Majority of B's, nothing less than C — four hours. 

(c) Lower record than (b] —no extra hours. 

^, „^ .. The scholarship of students is determined by result 

Class Standing a ^ ■^ -^ .• u- a ^x 

ot examinations and daily recitations combined. The 

grades are carefull}^ recorded. 

Reports of standing will be made to parent or guardian at the end 
of each term when desired by them, or when the Faculty deems it ex- 
pedient. The standing is indicated generally by classification in six 
groups, as follows: 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the lecord of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. Conditions 
incurred in January must be made up b}" June; conditions incurred in 
June must be made up by September. Failing to make up a condition 
at the time appointed is equal to a record F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or repeat 
the subjects, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year, or to withdraw. 

-^ The degree of bachelor of arts is conferred, by a vote 

of the Board of Trustees on recommendation of the 
ana ip oma p^j^^it-y^ upon students who have satisfactorily com- 
pleted any of the groups. 

^ . . Since all its members are fully occupied with under- 

Graduate ^ . . 

graduate work, the Faculty deems it unwise to offer any 

^ work for the degree of Master of Arts during the coming 
year. In rare cases sufficient resident work upon certain advanced 
courses may be outlined. But as special action would be required in 
each case, no detailed announcement can be made here. All inquiries 
about graduate work should be addressed to the Dean. 



i6 LEBANON VALIvBY COIvLEGB 

Scholarships 

The College offers a limited number of one. hundred-dollar free 
tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State normal Schools and ap- 
proved high schools and academies. One scholarship is allotted to the 
first honor graduate of our own academy. 

Graduates of high schools and academies whose standard is not 
equal to that of our own academy, may enter the senior year of the 
academy and become competitors for our own academy scholarship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may 
be allowed to make them up in the freshmen year. If the first sem- 
ester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in all 
work including conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills' scholarship established by a gift of $1000 
will be available in 1910-11. 

The Faculty and Executive Committee shall make all scholarship 
awards. 

Expenses 

COLLEGE AND ACADEMY 

Matriculation Fee $ 5 00 

Tuition, If paid in advance 50 00 

If not paid in advance 60 go 

For twenty hours or less in the College, or, for twenty-four 
hours or less in the Academy. Each additional hour per sem- 
ester, $1.50. 
Laboratory Fees, per semester: 

Biology i-a $2 00 

Biology i-b 6 00 

Biology 2 6 00 

Biology 3 5 00 

Biology 4 5 00 

A deposit of $2.00 is required of each student who is assigned a 
locker in the biological laboratory as a guarantee of the care and return 
of the keys and apparatus. The treasurer will refund the deposit when 
a certificate from the department is presented stating that the keys have 
been returned in good condition. 

Elementary Chemistry $4. 00 

Chemistry i 6 00 



GENERAL INFORMx\TION 17 

Chemistry 2 7 00 

Chemistry 3 6 00 

Chemistry 4 5 00 

Chemistry 5 .... • 10 00 

A deposit of $3.00 is required of each student who is assigned a 
locker in the chemical laboratory. Any part of this breakage deposit 
unused will be refunded at the end of the course. 

Physics 3 $5 00 

Elementary Physics 3 00 

All laboratory fees and deposits for each semester must be paid in 
advance. A student will not be assigned a locker or apparatus in any 
of the laboratories without a certificate from the treasurer of the Col- 
lege stating that the fee has been paid and the deposit made. 
Graduation Fee, payable thirty days prior to commencement, |;io 00. 

TABLE BOARD AND ROOM RENT 
Table Board — Regular students, paid in advance I3.25 a week; |i20 

a year, not in advance I3.90 a week; $144 a year. 

Five-day students, when paid in advance $2 40 a week; 

$88.00 a year, not in advance $2.88 a week; I105.60 a 

year. 
Room Rent — Paid in advance $40 to $60 a year, according to location 

of room. When not paid in advance I48 to $72. 
These rates are fixed by a special order of the Board of Trustees. 
The rate for payment in advance may be secured by paying one- 
fifth at the opening of the Fall term; one fifth at the middle of the Fall 
term; three-tenths at the opening of the Winter term; three-tenths at 
the opening of the Spring term. The higher rate will be charged after 
ten days from the day a bill is due. 

Failure to pay one bill before a second falls due will exclude a stu- 
dent from classes. 

Requirements for Admission 

The College offers five groups of studies leading to the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, as follows: The Classical, the Mathematical-Physical, 
the Chemical-Biological, the Historical-Political and the Modern Lan- 
guage. Students are admitted to the Freshman Class on examinations, 
on certificates of approved high and preparatory schools, and on the 
certificates of the College Entrance Board. 

Full information concerning the cost, place, etc., of this Board's 



i8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

examinations may be had upon application to the Secretary of the Col- 
lege Entrance Examination Board, Post-ofiQce Sub-station 84 New York. 

A candidate should have preparation according to the following 
general outline: 

For all groups, English, 4 years; Latin, 4 years, (prose composition 
each year;; German, 2 years; English History and Civics, i year; Greek 
and Roman History, i year; Algebra, 2 years; Plane Geometry, i year; 
Solid Geometry, yi year; Physics, i year 

N. B. — For the Classical Group, Greek lyear, (instead of Physics. 

Entrance Subjects in Detail 

ENGLISH 

English A. 

The ability to wjite good English is the one necessary requirement. 
Candidates will be expected to answer general questions testing their 
knowledge of the following list of Classics. 

For the Years 1909, 1910, T911; Group I (Two to be selected.) 

Shakespeare's As you Like II, Henry V., Julius Caesar, The Mer- 
chant of Venice, Twelfth night. 

Group II. (One to be selected.) 

Bacon's Essays, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress Part i, The Sir Roger 
De Coverly Papers in the Spectator, Franklin's Autobiograph}^ 

Group III. (One to be selected.) 

Chaucer's Prologue, Spenser' Faerie Queen (selections). Pope's 
The Rnpe of the Lock, Goldsmitn's The Deserted Village, Palgrave's 
Golden Treasury (First vSeries) Books IL and III., with especial atten- 
tion to Dryden, Collins, Gra} , Cowper, and Burns. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected. ) 

Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield, Scott's Ivanhoe, Scott's 
Quentin Durward; Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables, 
Thackeray's Henry Esmond, Mrs. Gaskell's Cranford. Dickens's A Tale 
of Two Cities, George Eliot's Silas Marner, Blackmore's Lorna Doone. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) 

Irving's Sketch Book, Lamb's Essays of Elia, De Quincey's Joan of 
Arc, and the English Mail Coach, Carlyle's Heroes and Hero Worship, 
Emerson's Essays (selected), Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies. 

Group V[. (Two to be selected.) 

Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner, Scott's The Lady of the Lake, 
Byron's Mazeppa and the Prisoner of Chillon, Palgrave's Golden Treas- 



GENERAL INFORMATION 19 

ury (First Series) Book IV. with especial attention to Wordsworth, 
Keats, and Shelley, Macaulaj-'s Lays of Ancient Rome, Poe's Poems, 
Lowell's The Vision of Sir Launfal, i\.rnold's Sohrah and Rnstum, Long- 
fellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish, Tennyson's Gareth and Ly- 
nette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The Passing of Arthur, Browning's 
Short Poems. 

English B. 

Study and Practice- -This part of the examination presupposes the 
thorough study of each of the works named below. The examination 
will be upon subject matter, form and structure. In addition, the can- 
didate may be required to answer questions involving the essentials of 
English grammar, and questions on the leading facts in those periods 
of English literary history to which the prescribe.] works belong. 

The books set for this part of the examination will be: 

For the years 1909, 1910, 191 1: 

Shakespeare's Macbeth; Milton's Lycidas, Comus, L'Allegro, and 
II Penseroso; Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America, or Wash- 
ington's Farewell Address and Webster's First Bunker Hill Oration; 
Macaulay's Life of Johnson, or Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

Latin. 

The preparation in Latin should comprise the first four books of 
Caesar, six orations of Cicero, and six books of Virgil's Aeneid. There 
should be four years of work in composition, and a study of prosody. 

German. 

Two years of work are required including easy prose composition 
and reading of at least 600 pages of moderately easy prose and poetry. 
Daily practice in writing German and careful drill in pronunciation is 
expected, 

English History. 

Walker's Essentials of English History or its equivalent. 

Greek History. 

To the fall of Corinth, and the history in brief of the more ancient 
countries. Roman History — The history of the Roman Republic and 
the Empire to the time of Constantine, Meyer's Ancient History or its 
equivalent. 

Algebra. 

As treated in tlie elementary text-books of Wells, Wentworth, Tan- 
ner, or equivalent. The time supposed to be devoted to the systematic 
study of this requirement is the equivalent sf a course of three lessons 
a week through two school years. 



20 LEBANON VALIvBY COI.IvEGE 

Plane and Solid Geometry. 

As treated by Wentworth, or an equivalent. 

Physics. 

As much as is contained in Carhart and Chute's High School Phy- 
sics, or an equivalent. The laboratory work required must consist of 
at least forty exercises or experiments of the character given in the 
National Physics Course, or others similar to these in grade and method. 

Elementary Greek. 

White's First Greek Book, or equivalent. 

Special Note — For more detailed information on entrance require- 
ments see outlines of Academy courses. 




OUTLINE OF COURSES 



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DEPARTMENT OF INvSTRUCTION 25 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 
Philosophy 

1. Logic — Three hours. First Semester. 

The aim is to acquaint the pupil with the laws of thought as re- 
.vealed in the nature of the human mind. A careful introductory sur- 
vey is made of the syllogism and of the scientific method, and a drill is 
given in the detection and correction of logical fallacies. Recitation 
and library references. Professor Shenk. 

2. Psychology — Three hours. Second Semester. 

General Psychology. — This course is planned to guide the student 
in forming the habit of observing and interpreting mental phenomena, 
and to lay a foundation for all the higher branches dealing primarily 
with mental life. Recitation, lecture, experiment, and library refer- 
ences. Professor Shenk. 

3. Psychology of Religion — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The religious nature of man is studied psychologically as manifest- 
ed in childhood, adolescence, and maturity, including the phenomena 
of conversion and Christian growth. 

Elective for Seniors in case a sufl&cient number desire to pursue it. 

4. History of Philosophy— Two hours. Throughout the year.' 

A general surve}^ is made of the field of Philosophy with special 
emphasis upon Plato, Aristotle ,Kant, and upon the systems of Ration- 
alism, Empiricism, and Idealism. The aim is to develop the love of the 
truth, a discriminating judgment, and independent thinking. 

Professor Shenk. 

5. Ethics— Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The course is an introduction to ethical theory and practical ethics. 
It aims to set forth fundamental moral ideas and principles in their re- 
lation to ideal living. Professor Shroyer. 

Greek Language and Literature 

professor shroyer 

1 b. Elementary Greek— Five hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon: Four books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 

2 c. Advanced Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Homer: Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, epic 

poetry. Greek antiquities, Greek literature and Greek prose. 
I. Junior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 



26 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Herodotus: Selections from several of the books are read. Review 
of the Greek historians and the Persian Wars, 

Plato: Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

2. Senior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon: Memorabilia; or Demosthenes: De Corona. Socrates 

and the Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles: Oedipus Tyrannus; or Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound. 
Development of the Greek drama. Greek tragedy, comedy and theater. 

3. Junior Elective Greek —Three hours. Throughout the year. 
New Testament: Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and in 

the Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is exegeti- 
cal and practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gospels and a 
survey of the letters of Paul. 

Latin Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR DODGE 

1. Freshman Latin— Three hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Cicero: De Senectute or De Amicitia. Special work in syntax 
based upon the text. 

(b) Livy: Book XXI and part of Book XXri. The author's style 
and peculiarities of syntax are studied. Roman History during the 
period of the Punic Wars is reviewed; Roman political procedure and 
religious ceremonial are carefully considered. 

(c) Terence: Adelphoe or Phormio. Manners and customs of the 
Romans. Lectures and assigned readings. 

2. Latin Prose — One hour weekly. Throughout the year. 
Exercises in Latin Prose composition based on the authors read in 

Latin i. Open to all college students and recommended to such as are 
preparing to teach Latin after graduation. 

3. Sophomore Latin — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Horace: Ars Poetica, Selections from Odes, Satires and Epis- 
tles. The Horatian use of metres will be carefully studied as well as 
the place of Horace in Roman literature. 

(a)Tacitus: Germania, Agricola and Dialogus. The peculiarities of 
Tacitus' style will be analyzed and his importance as a historian con- 
sidered. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed Latin i. 

4. Latin Letter Writers— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Copious selections from the letters of Cicero, Pliny and Erasmus 



DKPARTINIENT OF INSTRUCTION 27 

will be read and specimens given of the letters of less known men. 
The peculiarities of the epistolary style will be made the subject of 
close study. Cicero's formal and familiar letters will be contrasted and 
the style of the other writers compared with his. The social and po- 
litical environment in which each man wrote will also receive emphasis. 
Open to students who have satisfactorily completed Latin 3. 

5. Philosophic and Patristic Latin— (^Not given in 1910-1911) 
Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Selections from Lucretius, Cicero, Seneca, the Church Fathers, and 
Latin hymns will be read. The object of this course is to contrast the 
ideals of Paganism and Christianity. Open to students who have satis- 
factorily completed Latin 3. 

6. Early Latin — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The development of the classical from the earlier forms and con- 
structions will be studied and illustrated by the reading of inscriptions 
and of the fragments remaining from early Latin authors. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed Latin 3 and 
who obtain the consent of the instructor before the closing of college 
in June. 

French Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR DODGE 

T. Elementary Course — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

French Grammar (Frazer and Squair), 500 pages of French trans- 
lated. Aldrich and Foster's French Reader; Mairet's La Tache du 
Petit Pierre; Bruno's Le Tour de la France; Halevy's Abbe Constantin; 
Legouve and Labiche's La Cigale chez les Fourmis; Ercktnann-Chat- 
rian's Waterloo or their equivalents will be read. 

2. Intermediate Course— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Francois' Advanced French Prose Composition; Bouvet's French 

Composition; 1200 pages of French translated. Merimee's Colomba; 
Augier's Le Gendre de M. Poirier; Sand's La Mare au Diable and La 
Petite Fadette; Dumas', La Tulipe Noire; Daudet's Le Petit Chose; 
About's Le Roi des Montagues; Bo wen's French Lyrics; Hugo's Poems; 
or their equivalents will be read. This course aims to give the student 
ease in reading modern French and facility in writing simple French 
prose. 

3. French Literature of the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Cen- 
turies — Three hours. Throughout the year. 



28 LEBANON VALIvEY COLLEGE 

Composition (translation of continuous English narrative and de- 
scriptive prose) v^ill be continued throughout the year. Doumic's His- 
toire de la litterature francaise will be used as a text-book and copious 
selections read from representative authors of the period. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed French i and 2. 

4. (Not given in 1910-1911) The Development of the Drama in 
France accompanied by a study of French metrical forms and exercises 
in metrical composition. Three hours throughout the year. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed French 3. 

5. Old French — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The development of the language from Latin will be studied and 
illustrated by the reading of selected texts. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed French 3. 

Students desiring to register for French 4 or 5, are requested to ar- 
range with the instructor before the close of the College year, that text- 
books may be in readiness for class use at the beginning of the autumn 
term. A deposit of $10 toward the purchase of books will be required 
of each student registering for either of these courses. 

German Language and Literature. 

PROFESSOR SLKICHTER. 

1. Freshman German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine; Heine's Die 

Harzreise; Freytag's Die Journalisten; Scheffel's Ekkehard; Miiller's 
Deutsche Liebe; Deutsche Gedichte; Wenkebach's Composition. 

2. Sophomore German— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the i8th century. Representative works of Lessing, 

Schiller and Goethe will be read, discussed and compared. 

3. Junior German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

General view of German Literature. Rapid reading of representa- 
tive authors of each period; reading of selections from German History, 
Freytag's Aus dem Jahrhundert des grossen Krieges. Reports on as- 
signed work. 

4. Middle High German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Wright's Middle High German Primer; Ein Mittelhochdeutsches 

Lesebuch; Nibelungen Lied; Gudrun; Wolfram Von Eschenbach, etc. 

5. Scientific German— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Dippold's Scientific German Reader; Uber Bakterien — Cohn. 

Kurzer Abriss der Geschichte der Chemie will be read. 



DKPx\RTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 29 

English Language and Literature 

PROFKSSOR SCHLICHTER 

1. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough study of rhetoric and extensive 
writing of short and long themes. There are recitations, lectures, and 
private conferences. Text-books: Wendell's English Composition, Fos- 
ter's Argumentation and Debating, Brewster and Carpenter's Modern 
English Prose, and Arlo Bates's Talks on Writing English. 

2. American Poetry — One hour. Throughout the year. 

This course considers carefully in detail the work of nine American 
poets. There are lectures, short papers, and critical references. Text- 
books: Page's The Chief American Poets, Wendell's Literary History of 
America, and Trent's History of American Literature. 

3. History of English Literature — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

This course deals with the work of all the leading authors from the 
earliest times to the present. There are lectures, recitations, and fre- 
quent tests on outside reading. A full list of required readings of the 
course may be had upon application. Text-books: Moody and Lovett's 
History of English Literature, and Manly's English Poetry. 

5. The English Drama — Three hours. First Semester. Given 
1911-12. 

The theory of the drama and the early history of the English drama 
are taken up in this course. Text-books: Manly's Pre-Shaksperean 
Specimens [2 vols.) , Woodbridge's Technique of the Drama, Thorndike's 
Tragedy. Typical plays of Lyly, Peele, Nash, Greene, Marlowe, Jon- 
son, and Shakespeare are read. 

6. Poetics — Three hours. Second Semester. Given 1911-12. 
Leading theories of poetry from Aristotle to Arnold are studied, and 

poetry is studied technically. P^ach student prepares his own book of 
extracts from the later epic, on which is made the basis of work in 
scansion. The aim above all else is to create an enduring love for poetry. 
Text-books: Gummere's Handbook of Poetics and Saintsbury's Loci 
Critici. 

7. Old English — Two hours. First Semester. Given 1910-11. 

A thorough course in the earliest English. Text-books: Smith's 
Old English Grammar, Bright's Anglo-Saxon Reader. (All the selec- 
tions will be read except The Phoenix.) 



30 LEBANON VALLKY COIvIvEGE 

8. Middle English — Two hours. Second Semester. Given 1910-11. 
Extensive reading in Chaucer as typical of the period. Students 

must be acquainted with French, and Old English is a decided aid to 
the successful prosecution of this course. Text-books: Liddell's Pro- 
logue, Knight's, and Nonne'sPriest's Tale, Root'sThe Poetry of Chau- 
cer, Chaucer's Complete Works, (Globe edition.) 

9. The English Novel— Three hours. First Semester. 

Mainly the theory of fiction as exemplified by three or four master- 
pieces. A brief survey of the history of the novel is included. Consid- 
erable written analysis of short stories. Text-books: Perry's The Study 
of Prose Fiction, Walter Raleigh's The English Novel. 

10. Shakespeare — Three hours. Second Semester. 

Critical reading of four plays and general reading of most of the 
others outside of class, Rolfe's editions will be used for study. Also 
Sidney Lee's Life, 

Mathematics and Astronomy. 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR IvKHMAN 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binom- 
ial theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permu- 
tations and combinations, theory of equations, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second 
Semester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and ob- 
lique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, 
development of trigonometric formulae, solution of right and oblique 
spherical triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and hy- 
perbola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the 
higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time 
will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima 

and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, en- 
velopes, etc. 

5. Integral Calculus— Three hours. Second Semester. 



depart:\ient of instruction 31 

Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cuba- 
ture of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting, 
leveling, etc. 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of differential equations. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, 4 and 5. Murray. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Bowser. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 

ASTRONOMY 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

I. General Astronomy— Four hours. First Semester. 

The department is provided with a fine four-and-a-half-inch achro- 
matic telescope equatorially mounted, of which the students make free 
use. 

History and Political Science 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

1. Mediaeval and Modern History — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

A general course prescribed in all the groups. Papers, special re- 
ports, and theses, based on available original sources, will be required 
of all students. Robinson: History of Western Europe; Readings 
from European History. 

2. English Economic History — Three hours. First Semester. 
The economic life and development of the English people during 

mediaeval and modern times. Special attention will be given to the 
manor system, the guilds, growth of commerce, the industrial revolu- 
tion, the rise of trade unions, and the relation of government to indus- 
try. Cheney: The Industrial and Social History of England; Gibbins: 
Industry in England. 

3. English Constitutional History— Three hours. Second Semester. 

The English Constitution and its historical development. A care- 
ful study of important documents will be made. Taswell-Langmeade: 
Constitutional History of England. 



32 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



4. United States Constitutional History — Three hours. Through- 
out the year. 

A full course covering the colonial and constitutional periods, An 
extensive reading course of original and secondary sources is required. 
Channing: Students' History of the United States; Macdonald: Select 
Charters; Macdonald: Select Documents. 

5. Political Science — Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of the Theory of the State and of the structure and pro- 
vince of Government. Leacock: Elements of Political Science. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the fundamental principles of International Law. Much 
time is give to the study of important cases. 

Economics and Sociology 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

1. Economics — Three hours. First Semester. 

A general course in economic theory, supplemented by considera- 
tion of practical current problems. Careful consideration will be given 
the different points of view of the leading economists. Johnson: Intro- 
duction to Economics, 

2. Current Labor Problems — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course devoted to a study of the important labor problems of the 
present day: Strikes, labor organizations, employer's association, arbi- 
tration, trade agreement, labor legislation, etc. Adams and Sumner: 
Labor Problems. 

3. Theory of Sociology — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the vari- 
ous theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the gen- 
eral fiield of learning. Part of the course will be devoted to a study of 
Emigration and Immigration, and the American Negro. 

English Bible 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1. New Testament— Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The life of Jesus Christ. The course is based on the Gospel by 
Mark, including frequent references to the other Gospels. 

2. New Testament — Two hours. Throughout the year. 




ENTRANCE TO AD.AIINISTRATION BUIIvDINC; 



DEPx\RTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 



33 



The life of Paul. The Acts of the Apostles and the Pauline epistles 
are studied with a view to Paul's life, character, and influence on the 
Christian world. 

This course may be taken in lieu of i, at the option of the teacher. 

3. Old Testament— Two hours. Throughout the year. 

Old Testament History. For the first semester the study will be 
based on the Pentateuch; for the second, on the Historical Hooks. 

Biology 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON 

The courses of instruction cover four ^''ears. They are recognized 
as being as valuable in developing the powers of the mind as the other 
courses in the college curriculum, in that they develop the powers of 
observation and thought essential to the understanding of all phases of 
the phenomena of human existence. 

The courses have been outlined with a three-fold purpose in view. 

First, to meet the demand for a general training in biology, caused 
by the recently established conclusion among educators, that a knowl- 
edge of the principles of biology is not only a useful but an essential 
factor in any course of training in which social and moral questions are 
to be considered. 

Second, to meet the demand of the high schools for college trained 
teachers in biology. 

Third, to lay a broad foundation in the science for those who desire 
to pursue post graduate courses in universities and medical colleges. 

Students desiring to elect a single year's work in biology are ad- 
vised to elect I — b; if two years, i — a and i — b or i — b and 3 and 4, de- 
pending on the object in view. Those contemplating a career in medi- 
cine, or the profession of teaching biology or a post graduate course in 
biology, are urged to complete all the courses offered. 

Description of Courses. 

i-a. Plant Biology — Four hours. Two lectures or recitations and 
two laboratory periods of two hours each, per week. Throughout the 
year. The object of the course is to give the student a broad general 
knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, structure and functioning 
of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, fungi, liverworts, 
mosses, ferns and flowering plants, are studied. 

Special attention is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the 
several groups suggestive of evolution. 



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DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 35 

Experiments are performed in the physiological laboratory to de- 
termine some of the relations of plants to water, gravitation, tempera- 
ture and light. Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, 
germination and development. The principles of classification are 
learned by the analysis and identification of representatives of at least 
twenty-five orders of spermatophytes. 

The laboratory and class room work is supplemented by frequent 
field trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting 
instruments, note and drawing materials and portfolio. 

Required of freshmen in chemical-biological group. Elective for 
others. 

i-b. Animal Biology — Four hours. Throughout the j^ear. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per 
week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful compara- 
tive study of representatives of several phyla animals. The amoeba, 
euglena, paramoecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, starfish, earthworm, 
crayfish, grasshopper, mussel, amphioxies and frog are studied. A care- 
ful study is made of the embryologv of the frog. The process of de- 
velopment is closely watched from the segmenting of the egg until 
metamorphosis takes place. Each student is taught the principles of 
technic by preparing and sectioning embryos at various stages of devel- 
opment. From these and other microscopic preparations the develop- 
ment of the internal organs and origin of tissues is studied. This is fol- 
lowed by a histological study of the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the 
laboratory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

For sophomores in the chemical-biological group. Elective for 
others. 

Text-books: — Parker's Zoology. 

2. ^Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Throughout 
the year. Six hours laboratory work and two conferences each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a suc- 
torial fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a 
bird and a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are required of each 
student as a record of each dissection. 

Text-books: — Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley's Text-book of 
Vertebrate Zoology. 

3. Vertebrate Histology — Four hours. Beginning of the year to 
the end of the first week in March. Two conferences and six hours lab- 
oratory work per week. 



36 LEBANON VALIvBY COLIvEGE 

The normal histology of the human body is made the basis of the 
class work. Each student is required to acquire a practical knowledge 
of all phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the 
body are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty 
slides. 

Text-book: — Ruber's Text-book of Histology, Bohm and Davidoff. 

Elective for juniors and seniors. 

4. Embryology of Vertebrates— Second week in March to the end 
of the year. Two lectiires and five hours laboratory work per week. 
The laboratory work is based on the development of the chick and com- 
parisons made with that of the frog mammal. A study is made of living 
embryos at various stages of development. These are later killed, pre- 
pared and sectioned by the student for the study of the development of 
of the internal organs. Fully labeled drawings are required. 

Text-book:— Elements of Embryology, Foster and Balfour. 

Elective for juniors and seniors. 
* Biolog-y 2 and Biology 3 and 4 are given in alternate years. Biology 2 will be 
given in 1910-1911. 

Education 

1. History of Education— Two hours. First Semester. 
Beginning with the oriental nations, a survey will be made of the 

leading systems of education, in connection with the forces which pro- 
duced them, and their influence upon culture as a whole. Monroe's 
History of Education is used as a guide. Painter's History of Educa- 
tion, Campayre's History of Pedagogy, and Quick's Educational Re- 
formers will be used as references. 

2. Psychology and Philosophy of Education— Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

Educational principles will be subjected to the test of ps3'chology 
and philosophy. Text-books: Rosenkranz's Philosophy of Education, 
Harris's Psychologic Foundations, Tompkin's Pholosophy of Teaching. 

Geology 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

General Geology — Four hours. Second Semester. 

The course includes dynamical, structural and historical geology. 

Text-book: Scott's Introduction to geology. 



DEPART^IKNT OF INSTRUCTION 37 

Chemistry 

PROFESSOR WANNER. 

1. General Inorganic Chemistry— Four hours. Throughout the 
year. Three hours lectures and recitations and four hours laboratory 
work. 

Non metals, metals, theoretical Chemistry, a study of the funda- 
mental principles and the technical application of the science. 

The object of the course is to give the student a good foundation 
for advanced work in Chemistry. 

Text-book: Remsen's College Chemistry is used in the class room 
and laboratory. 

While the course presupposes no previous knowledge of Chemistry 
it is advisable to have completed (Science e) or its equivalent. 

2. Qualitative Analysis— Four hours. First Semester. One hour 
lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory work. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry i. The object of the course is to familiar- 
ize the student with the best methods of separating and :3etecting the 
acids and bases. The reactions of the general qualitative reagents on 
solutions of the compounds of the elements are first studied. The stu- 
dent's ability is tested by frequent unknowns. 

Text-book: Dennis and Whittelsey's Qualitative Analysis, Part of 
Prescott and Johnson's Qualitative Analysis. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Gravimetric and Volumetric — Four 
hours. Second Semester. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight 
hours laboratory work. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 2. This course includes the determination 
of chlorine in sodium chloride, iron and sulphur in ferrous ammonium 
sulphate; the complete analysis of limestone, an iron ore, alloy, soluble 
and insoluble silicate, etc. 

Text-book: Talbot's Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — Gravimetric and Volumetric— Four 
hours. First Semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 3, A continuation of Chemistry 3. 
Text-book: Olsen's Quantitative Analysis. 

5. Organic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the year. Two 
hours lectures and recitations and a minimum of eight hours laboratory 
work. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry i. A study of the principal compounds of 
carbon. The laboratory work consists in making a number of organic 
preparations. 



38 LEBANON VALI.KY COLLEGE 

Text-books: Remsen's Organic Chemistry and Cohen's LalDoratory 
Manual. 

6. Industrial Chemistry— Two hours. Throughout the year. Two 
hours lecture and recitation. 

A study of the practical applications of Chemistry. The manufac- 
ture of artificial fuels, salt, explosives, pigments, paper, etc. 

The course is supplemented by frequent trips to industrial plants in 
the immediate vicinity, on which the student is required to hand in a 
report. 

Text-book: Thorpe's Outlines of Industrial Chemistry. 

Course 6 alternates with course 5. Offered 1910-1911. 



Physics 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

1. General Physics — Four hours. Throughout the year. Three 
hours lecture and recitations and four hours laboratory work. 

First Semester- — Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases. Sound. 

Second Semester— Heat, light, magnetism, and electricity. 

The aim of the course is to give the student a good knowledge of 
college physics. 

Text-books: Crew's General Physics is used in classroom and Ames 
and Bliss's Manual of Experiments in Physics, also parts of Nichol's 
Laboratory Manual of Physics and Applied Electricity in laboratory. 

2. Advanced Physics— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Pre-requisites Physics i. Extended work in mechanics, applied 

electricity, etc. The character of the work will be arranged to meet 
individual means. 



Department of Oratory and Public Speaking 



LILLIAN CAIRNS EBY, PH. M., B. O. 

"Oratory is a method by which one mind moves other minds to act." 

C. W. Em.erson. 

The Emerson System is taught with the purpose of assisting pupils 
to develop their individual powers not for what they may gain for them- 
selves but rather for what they may be able to give to others. 



depart:ment of instruction 



39 



TUITION 

All tuition is pa_vable in advance. No reduction is allowed for ab- 
sence for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons missed 
during the term except in case of protracted illness. 

REGULAR COURSE. 

Fall Term $25.00 

Winter Term 25.00 

Spring Term 25.00 

SPECIAL WORK. 

13 private lessons $8.00 

Class work Free Gymnastics, per term 3.00 

Single lessons 75 

SPECIAL COURSE. 
Three terms, three hours a week in Principles of Public Speaking 
are given for which a two hour credit in the College is allowed. 
Tuition $12.50 per term. 

OUTLINE COURSE OF STUDY 



First Semerter 
Evolution of Expression 

Volumes I., II. 
Voice Culture 
Dramatic Interpretation 
English Literature 
Free Gymnastics 



First Semester. 
Perfect Laws of Art 

Volumes I., II. 
Gesture 
Shakespeare 
Physical Culture 
Voice Culture 
Rhetoric 



First Year 

Second Semester. 
Evolution of Expression 

Volumes III., IV. 
Voice Culture 
Dramatic Interpretation 
English Literature 
Free Gymnastics 

Second Year 

Second Semester. 
Perfect Laws of Art 
Volumes III., IV. 
Psychology 
Gesture 
Shakespeare 
Bible and Hymn Study 



40 LKBANON VAI.LEY COLIvEGB 

THE ACADEMY 
The Faculty 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A. M., Principal, 

Mathematics and English. 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A. M., 

Mathematics. 

ETTA WOLFE SCHLICHTER, A. M., 

English. 

ALVIN E. SHROYER, B. D., 

Greek. 

HENRY E. WANNER, B. S., 
Physics and Chemistry. 

MARY E. SLEICHTER, A. M., 
German. 

FLORENCE BOEHM, 

Drawing. 

WILBER EUGENE HARNISH, 
Assistant in Algebra. 

MARY B. MUSSER, 
Assistant in Latin. 

EDITH N. FREED, 
Assistant in English. 

WILLIAM ALBERT BRUNNER, 

Assistant in History. 

ROGER B. SAYLOR, 
Laboratory Assistant in Physics and Chemistry. 



THE ACADEMY 41 

Lebanon Valley Academy 

The Academy was established in 1866. For forty-two years it has 
cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and the develop- 
ment of character that fits one for the largest service to society. From 
its inception, college preparation has been its main purpose. But its 
curriculum has been well adapted to the needs of those who have en- 
tered immediately on practical life or professional study. 

The Academy is an integral part of the College and profits by the 
proximity of students engaged in higher studies and by the ready ac- 
cess to the library, athletic field, litterary societies, dormitory and lab- 
oratory privileges and by the opportunity to combine courses of study 
in the Academy with others in the College and Conservatory. 

Admission 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. It is desirable 
that he shall have completed the ordinary common school branches. 
Classes however are sometimes formed in language, arithmetic, history, 
and geography when deemed necessary. In general it is to the stu- 
dent's advantage to enter in September, or less preferably at the second 
half year. However the applicant usually finds enough work if he 
should enter at any time. C^ee college calendar, page 2.) 

Each student for admission shall bring, with him a certified state- 
ment of work done in the school last attended. Credit will be given for 
work thus certified. Should an applicant fail to present this certificate, 
he shall take an informal examination in the common school branches. 
He will then be assigned work at the discretion of the Principal. No 
student will be admitted until his registration is completed. 

Examinations 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. At this time 
reports are sent to parents or guardians. More frequent reports are 
sent when requested by parents. In the Academy records, A, signifies 
excellent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low but passing; E, conditioned; 
F, repeat in class. An "E" record may be removed by a test an any 
part of the course in which the record is poor. 

For this test a fee of one dollar is charged. An "F" may not be 
removed by a special examination. 



42 LEBANON VALLKY COLLEGK 



Ab 



sences 



If, in any semester, a student have two absences in any subject he 
shall either take a test on the subject matter passed over in his absence 
or by doing specially assigned work satisf}^ the professor in charge that 
he has a creditable knowledge of the work passed over. If the two 
absences in question are unexcused the student shall take the test and 
pay a fee of one dollar. For detailed information, see the absence rules 
of the College. 

Courses Offered 

In the first semester classes are formed in: 
English Grammar, Classics, and Rhetoric. 
Algebra, Elementary and Intermediate. 
Geometry, Plane. 
Advanced Algebra, 
History of Greece. 1910 and 191 1. 
English History. 1910 and 1912. 
Latin — First year, Caesar, Cicero, and Virgil. 
Greek — First year. 
German — First and second years. 
Physics. 

Elementary Chemistry. 
Freehand drawing. 

In the second semester new classes are formed in: 
Roman History. i9[o-i9i2. 
Civics. 191 1. 
English Classics. 




THE ACADEMY 

Outline of Courses 



43 



CLASSICAL 



SCIENTIFIC 



JUNIOR 

Latin , .a 

English a 

Mathematics ai 

Mathematics a2 

Physical Geography 

LOWER MIDDLE 

Drawing 

Latin .b 

English b 

History d [ 

History , c \ 

Mathematics b 

UPPER MIDDLE 

Latin c 

English c 

Mathematics c 

German a 

History b 

SENIOR 

Latin d 

English Classics.. d 

Greek a or jl 

German b ^ 

Mathematics d 

Science . . . .d 



JUNIOR 

Latin a 

English a 

Mathematics. ai 

Mathematics . .a2 

Physical Geography 

LOWER MIDDLE 

Drawing . 

Latin. b 

English '. b 

History d ) 

History e J 

Mathematics b 

UPPER MIDDLE 

Latin c 

English c 

Mathematics. c 

German a 

History b 

SENIOR 

English Classics.. d 

German b 

Science., d 

Mathematics d [ 

Mathematics e \ 

Science e 



NOTE — Any substitution or change in these courses must be ap- 
proved by the faculty. • • ■- . 



44 LEBANON VAIvLKY COIvLBGE 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 



English 

A. Junior English — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

A thorough drill in English Grammar is given. Oral and written 
themes based on the student's experience are required. Several classics 
are read. 

B. Lower Middle English— Five hours. Throughout the year. 
Silas Marner, Ivanhoe, The Ancient Mariner, The Vision of Sir 

Launfal and Irving's Sketch Book are read. Grammar — the verb, 
phrases, clauses and connectives. Short themes in Narration are re- 
quired. 

English (a) and (b), one and one-half units. 

C. Upper Middle English — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The Merchant of Venice, House of Seven Gables, Gareth and Lyn- 

ette, Laucelot and Elaine, The Passing of Arthur, Macauley's Essay 
on Addison, and other classics are read. Themes emphasizing diction 
and description are required weekly. Text — Spalding's Principles of 
Rhetoric, 

D. Senior English— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
English classics required for careful study by the College Entrance 

Board. Hill's Foundations of Rhetoric is used. 
English (c) and (d), one and one-half units. 

Latin 

A. Junior Latin — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
First year Latin, Moore and Schlicher. 

Fabulae Faciles. One unit. 

B. Lower Middle Latin — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Caesar, Books I. -IV. Composition based on the text. 

One unit. 

C. Upper Middle Latin — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
Cicero, six orations. D'Oge's Composition based upon the text. 
One unit. 

D. Senior Latin — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Virgil's Aeneid. Prosody, siglit translation. 

One unit. 



THK ACADEMY 45 

German 

A. Beginning German— Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Bacon's German Grammar and easy reading texts, 150 to 200 pages. 

Translations of simple English sentences into German. One unit. 

B. Second Year German — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Joynes-Meissner (xrammar. Daih^ practice in writing in German. 

Reading of about 490 pages of moderately easy texts, both prose and 
poetry. One unit. 

Greek 

A. Greek — Four hours. Throughout the year. White's First 
Greek Book. 

In as much as only one year of (rreek is now offered in the Acad- 
emy, classical students are expected to have at least German (a) and (b). 

Mathematics 

A.I Arithmetic — Four hours. Throughout the year. A special 
drill in fractions, percentage, and the metric system. Junior year. 
One-half unit. 

A. 2 Algebra — Four hours. Throughout the year. The equivalent 
of Slaught and Lennis' High School Algebra, elementary course. 

B. Algebra— Three hours. Throughout the year. Slaught and 
I^ennis' High School Algebra, advanced course, is completed. Lower 
middle year. One-half unit. 

C. Plane Geometry — Four hours. Throughout the year. Durell's 
New Plane and Solid Geometry is the text-book used. Much time is 
given to original problems. Upper middle year one unit. 

D. Solid Geometry— Four hours. First Semester. Text-book, 
Durell's. One-half unit. 

E. Plane Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Semester. Text- 
book, Wentworth. One-half unit. 

Science 

D. Elementary Physias — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Three hours lectures and recitations and two hours laboratorv work. 



46 LEBANON VALLKY COLLKGK 

Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases, heat, magnetism and elec- 
tricity. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to the 
course. 

Text-book: Carhart and Chute's High School Physics. Sixty ex- 
periments as outlined in the National Physics course are required in 
the laboratory. One unit. 

E. Elementary Chemistry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Two hours lectures and recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner in 
such a way as to enable him to grasp the fundemental principles and to 
help him to secure a working knowledge of the science in the labora- 
tory. 

Text-book: First Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, 
also Laboratory Exercises to accompany same. 

History and Civics 

B. English and Civics — Four hours. Throughout the year. One 
unit. 

C. Grecian — Three hours. First Semester. 

Myer's Ancient History. Lower Middle year. One-half unit. 

D. Roman — Three hours: Second Semester, 

Myer's Ancient History. Lower middle year. One-half unit. 

Free-Hand Drawing 

The work consists of drawing from simple objects, and then from 
groups of objects. 

Light and shade are subsequently taken up. The subject receives 
a quarter-unit of credit. This class meets once a week. 

Election of Studies 

While there are two definitely prescribed courses in the Academy, 
there is considerable room for election of courses that have special val- 
ue to students intending to specialize. 

The Principal advises students what subjects are fundamental to 
professional and engineering courses. 



THK ACADEMY 47 



Graduation 

The required credit for graduation, as outlined in the Classical and 
Scientific Courses, is sixteen units, provided that the student shall have 
completed at least the three units in Mathematics, the three units in 
English, three units of l^atin, two units of German, one laboratory 
science, and one unit of history. 

In general the pursuance of a four or five-hour subject per week 
per year constitutes a unit. Corresponding credits are given for reci- 
tations reciting fewer times per week. However, all credits are based 
upon the reports of the committee of the Association of Teachers of 
Secondary Schools. In short, the completion of seventy-two hours of 
work as above outlined entitles the student to a diploma of graduation. 
If said student desires to enter Lebanon Valley College he shall arrange 
his' work so as to meet the entrance requirements for the several 
courses. 

Sub-Preparatory Course 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared to 
enter the Academy. They have for various reasons attended school but 
a short time and find it embarassing to enter the public schools M^ith 
scholars so much younger than themselves. For these we make pro- 
vision. However, at least sixteen hours of regular Academy work is 
required. 

Facts to be Considered 

A one hundred dollar scholarship is awarded each year to the Acad- 
emy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Faculty, made the 
best class record and deported himself in accordance with regulations. 

Academy students are admitted to all social privileges of the Col- 
lege. Excellent opportunities are offered for self improvement in the 
Literary societies and Christian associations. 



48 LEBANON VALIvEY COLLEGE 

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 

Faculty 

HARRY DYER JACKSON, Director 
Piano, Organ Etc, 

ALICE MAUDE JACKSON 
Voice 

MARY E. SLEICHTER, A. M. 
German 

LOUISE PRESTON DODGE, Ph., D. 

French 

ETTA W. SCHLICHTER, A. M., 

English 

LILLIAN CAIRNS EBY, Ph., M., B. O. 

Elocution 

FLORENCE S. BOEHM, 

Painting, Drawing 



Location and Equipment 

The Englk Music Hall is a handsome three-story stone struc- 
ture. It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe organ, director's 
room, and nine practice rooms, waiting and writing room for student's 
use, large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole building is lighted 
by electricity and heated by steam, and designed and furnished with a 
view to having it complete in every respect for the study of music in all 
its branches. A complete musical education from the very first steps 
to the highest artistic excellence may be secured. The director will 
use every effort to obtain positions for those students who have finished 
the courses, and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 




BIOIvOGICAL LABORATORY 




CHEMICAIv IvABORATORY 



DKPART^IKNT OF MUSIC 49, 

Object 

The department has for its object, the foundation and diffusion of 
a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are those 
followed by the leading Kuropeau conservatories. The courses are 
broad, systematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible, and the con- 
servatnry offers the means for a complete education in musical art at a 
moderate cost. 

HARRY DYER JACKSON 



TEACHER OF PIANOFORTE, HARMONY AND THEORY 
The musical talent of Prof. Jackson manifested itself in childhood 
and he began the study of music at the age of eight. He was a student 
in the Conservatory of Music, Jacksonville, 111., 1S83-84; New England 
Conservatory of Music, 18S9, under the instruction of Otto Bendix, piano 
and H. M. Dunham, organ. He giaduated from Boston (Mass.) Con- 
servatory of Mcsic under Herman P. Chelius, 1892. He then became 
director of Genesee (111.) Conservatory of music where he remained five 

years. He graduated from the New England Conservatory of Music 
under Charles Porter, piano, H. M. Dunham, organ, and post graduate 
the following year. After two years as director of the Conservatory of 
Music of the Alabama Conference Female College, he took post gradu- 
ate work in Paris, Berlin, and Boston, Mass. He became director of 
the Ouincy Conservatory of music in 1902, where his success was phe- 
nomenal. His election as director of Engle Conservatory occurred 
June 2, 1908. 



Pianoforte 

The course is divided into sixteen grades, equalling four grades per 
annum for four years work. A comprehensive study of the standard 
literature of instructive piano work is absolutely necessary to the piano 
student and these are studied through the various grades. The new 
school of studies edited by Carl Thumer and published in sixteen grades, 
along with Kceler's and Plaidy's Technical Exercises are the basis tor 
the technical and etude work through all the grades. 



50 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Voice 

It is the aim of this department to build up the voice, beginning 
with the simplest forms of pure tone production and proceeding sys- 
tematically to advanced vocalization. Perfect breath control, relaxa- 
tion and correct tone placing are the cardinal points in voice culture, 
and these are careful and rigidly insisted upon. Phrasing, enunciation, 
and resonance are also given important consideration in the course. 
Special attention is paid to the needs of individual voices, and the 
studies are varied accordingly. 

Organ 

The student must be advanced to at least the sixth grade in the 
pianoforte course before taking up the study of the organ. 

The course prepared is based on the best methods of England, 
France, and Germany, and with a view to educating the student in the 
most thorough manner. Special attention is given to the proper modes 
of service, playing, organ accompaniments, etc., as well as concert or 
recital playing. 

Harmony Course 

Is based on Brockhoven's Harmony and occupies fourterms' work. 
It is taught in classes, but backward students can arrange for pirvate 
lessons. 



Theory Course 

Is based on Elson's Theory and occupies three terms, class work. 

History Course 

Is based on Reimann's History of Music and Filmore's Lessons in 
Musical History, and occupies three terms of class work. 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 51 

Send to the Director for separate catalogue of the Department of 
Music crntaining the complete courses in all branches. 

LECTURES. — There will be lectures on musical history each term, 
and all regular students of the departments will be required to attend 
them. 

CONCERTS.— Recitals and concerts by the students, the Faculty, 
or leading artists, will be held at stated intervals throughout the year. 

Certificates 

REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATES 
Complete course in pianoforte or in any of the other subjects, viz: 
voice, violin, harmony, theory, or histoyr. 
Fee for certificate, $2.50. 

Diplomas 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DIPLOMAS 

Complete selected course, viz: piano, organ, violin or voice. 

In case of piano or organ student, three terms voice. In case of 
voice student, three terms piano. Complete courses in harmony, his- 
tory and theory. Three terms each in chorus class, English, grammar, 
rhetoric and composition, literature, French or German. 

Free tuition in any one of the literary studies. Each candidate to 
give a public recital during last term. 

Fee for diploma $6.00. 

Degree 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE (Mus. B.) 

Candidates must already have taken a diploma. 

Must have freshman standing in any of the College courses. 

Two years, fugue, harmony, counterpoint and composition. 

Must write a composition for four solo voices and chorus, to occupy 
about twenty minutes, and must train, rehearse and conduct the same 
for public performance. 

Fee for degree, fio.oo. 



52 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Examinations 

All students taking any of the regular music courses, will be com- 
pelled to take the various examinations the second week of April. 
These examinations are for entrance in the various classes (sophomore, 
junior, and senior) the following September. All senior students must 
take their final examinations at the same time. 

These will be held in the College chapel, and are for performance, 
not theory. A list of the various studies, selections, etc., can be ob- 
tained at any time from the Director. 

Tuition 

PIANO OR VOICE. 

Fall term 30 lessons ^22 50 

Fall term 15 lessons 11 35 

Winter term 24 lessens 18 00 

Winter term 12 lessons 9 00 

Spring term 34 lessons 18 00 

Spring term 12 lessons 9 00 

SENIOR YEAR. 

Fall term 30 lessons 30 00 

Fall term 15 lessons 15 00 

Winter term 24 lessons- • • • 24 00 

Winter term 12 lessons 12 00 

Spring term 24 lessons 24 00 

Spring term 12 lessons 12 00 

PIPE ORGAN. 

Fall term 30 lessons 30 00 

Fall term 15 lessons 15 00 

Winter term . 24 lessons 24 00 

Winter term 12 lessons 12 00 

Spring term 24 lessons 24 00 

Spring term 12 lessons 12 00 

HARMONY OR HISTORY IN CLASS. 

Fall term y 00 

Winter or Spring term 5 00 

Private Lessons, each 75 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 53 



WINTER OR 
FALL TERM SPRING TERM 

For use of instruments: Piano, one hour 

per day $250 $200 

Each additional hour. . i 00 75 

Pipe Organ, one hour per day. 3 00 2 50 

Students taking a full music course are charged a matriculation fee 
of $3.00 for the year, payable in advance. This fee entitles student to 
all privileges of the College. 

Students taking piano, organ, or voice only are charged a matricu- 
lation fee of $1.00 payable in advance. 

Pipe organ students must pay at the rate of 10 cents an hour for 
organ blower. 

Fee for graduation diploma, $6.00. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS— No reduction is made for absence 
from the first two lessons of the term, nor for a subsequent individual 
absence. In case of long continued illnCvSs the loss is shared equally by 
the College and the student. 

All tuition is payable in advance. 

Pupils may enter any time, but for convenience of grading, etc., 
the beginning of each term is the most desirable time. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in grade, 
will be issued at the close of each term. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combina- 
tion of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

IvKBANON VAI.I.EY Coi^I^EGK, 

Annvii^i^e:, Pa. 



54 IvKBANON VAIvIvEY COIvIvEGK 

DEPARTMENT OF ART 

Florence S. Boehm, Instructor 
Course of Study for Certificate 

First Year — Drawing, sketching in pencil of various familiar sub- 
jects, and drawing from geometric solids, good examples of proportion 
and perspective, and the principles of light and shade. 

Painting — Flowers, fruit and leaves, models, casts and familiar 
objects. Elementary original composition. 

Modeling — Fruit, vegetable forms and leaves from casts and na- 
ture; animals from the cast and prints. Elementary original compo- 
sition. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts of heads. Painting in 
water colors and pastels from groups of still life, interiors, decorative 
subjects, flowers, draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 

Third Year — Sketching from life. Painting in oils from still life 
and nature. Wash drawings in ink, water color, historic ornament. 
Studies in color harmony. 

Teacher's Class— Principles aud methods of drawing, modeling, 
blackboard drawing, lettering, brush work, sketching from life and 
water color. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot take 
work during the week. 

Keramics — Classes in china painting are instructed by the latest 
methods in conventional and naturalistic treatment. The china is fired 
in the institution, giving students an opportunity of learning how to 
fire their own china. 

Miniature — Miniature painting on ivoiy. 

Students who do not desire the certificate course may take special 
work along any line preferred. 

Art Exhibit 

During commencement week an exhibit of some of the work done 
in the department is held in the studio, to which all visitors are wel- 
comed and entertained by membess of the department. 

Expenses 

FALL WINTER SPRING 
TERM TERM TERM 

TUITION— One lesson a week $1000 $ 8 00 $ 8 00 

Two lessons a week 16 00 12 00 12 00 

Children's beginning class 2 50 2 00 2 00 

Children's advance class 4 00 3 00 3 00 

Special lessons 75 cents each. Matricvilation Fee $1 00 



RKGISTKR OF STUDENTS 55 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 
The College 

SENIORS 

Bair, Grover Cleveland Belleville 

Bomberger, Harry K Lebanon 

Fleming, Mervin R Carlisle 

Freed, Edith Nissley Annville 

Garrett, E. Myrtle Hummelstown 

Harnish, Wilber E. . .Mechanicsburg 

Hoerner, Lena May Carlisle 

Kohler, Fillmore Thurman Yoe 

Musser, . Mary B Mountville 

Plummer, Charles VV Hagerstown, Md. 

Plummer, Wilbur Clayton Hagerstown, Md. 

Renn, Earle E Middletown 

Rutherford, F. Allen Royalton 

Seltzer, Luc}- S Lebanon 

Shaffer, Floyd E Lebanon 

Strock, J. Clyde Mechanicsburg 

Weidler, Victor Otterbein Royalton 

Yoder, Jesse T Belleville 

JUNIORS 

Brunner, William Albert New Bloomfield 

Ehrhart, Oliver T Millersville 

Ellis, William Otterbein Annville 

Frost, Fred T Lebanon 

Herr, Harvey Elmer Annville 

Holdeman, Phares M Bellegrove 

Kauffman, Artus Orestus Dallastowm 

Koontz, Paul Rodes West Fairview 

Lehman, John Karl Annville 

Marshall, J. Edward Annville 

Schell, Esther N Myerstown 

Say lor, Roger B Annville 

Shoop, William Carson Annville 

Spessard, Earle A Annville 

Spessard, Lester L Annville 

Ziegler, Samuel G Hanover 



56 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

SOPHOMORES 

Beckley, Arthur S Mont Clare 

Butterwick, Oliver Lebanon 

Carmany, Earle H Annville 

Grimm, Samuel O Red Lion 

Harnish , Clair F Mechanicsburg 

Hensel, Forrest Stanley Lykens 

Hershey, Catharine E Hershey 

Keister, Donald C Annville 

Kennedy, Francis R Kingston, Jamaica 

Kiracofe, Myra Grace Hagerstown, Md. 

Lau, Elizabeth Agnes York 

Leibold, Titus J Reading 

Light, Carrie S Jonestown 

Reed, Josiah F Lebanon 

Rettew, Chester E Columbia 

Rosato, Saverio Old Forge 

Seltzer, Nellie Lebanon 

Shenk, Robert Lincoln Columbia 

Shively, James C Fayetteville 

Smith, Charles C Red Lion 

Strickler, Alfred Desch Lebanon 

Thomas, Norman B. S Hagerstown, Md. 

Weidler, Helen Lura Royalton 

Wert, Mark Hopkins Millersburg 

Wingerd, Guy Chambersburg 

Wingerd, Max Chambersburg 

FRESHMEN 

Blecker, J. Ammon Myerstown 

Boughter, E. Kephart Ephrata 

Brubaker, A. Nevin Lebanon 

Christeson, Florence E Annville 

Heffelfinger, Victor M Annville 

Horn, Clara Kee Windsor 

Kilmer, Edna Ruth Reading 

Klinger, Landis R Williamstovvn 

Kreider, Paul William Annville 

Lehman, Edith Marie Annville 

Light, Boaz G Avon 



RKGISTKR OF STUDENTS 57 

Light, V. Earl Annville 

Light, Raymond H Annville 

Loser, Earle G Progress 

Loser, Paul Annville 

Meckley, Elizabeth L. . . . Hummelstown 

Miller, Virginia Lebanon 

Plunimer, Samuel B Hagerstown, Md. 

Potter, Ivan K Long Island City, 

Quigley, Hazel L Red Lion [N. Y. 

Ressler, Ivan Shamokin 

Richie, (Tustavus Adolphus Shamokin 

Spessard, Lottie Mae Annville 

Ulrich, Charles Y , . Manheim 

Uhrich, Clarence Henry Derry Church 

Weigle, Amos H Dover 

Yarkers, Edna E McAlisterville 

Zimmerman, Sara Esther Shamokin 

SPECIAL 

Bachman, Ora B Annville 

Barnhart, Albert Annville 

Clauser, Katherine Annville 

Derickson, Mrs. S. H Annville 

Ischy, John Wesley Sardis, Ohio 

Keister, Mary La Verne Annville 

Kreider, Ira Ono 

Loos, Anna Berne 

Moy er, Harry B Palmyra 

Rigler, Margaret L- Annville 

Rutherford, William Edward Royalton 

Walk, Raymond H Chambersburg 

Weidler, Goldie Lebanon 

ACADEMY 

Arndt, Charles H Valley View 

Bender, Harry Annville 

Biever, Walter Dewalt Lebanon 

Bomberger, Joseph W Harrisburg 

Brightbill, Helen Elizabeth Annville 

Byle, Amos C Annville 



58 I^EBANON VALI^KY COIvIvKGK 

Condran, John Henry Annville 

Deitzler, Jonathan C Fredericksburg 

Dunlap, William R Minersville 

Eby, Ervin Eldon Annville 

Engle, Ruth E Palmyra 

Erb, Bertha G Columbia 

Fasnacht, Alra M Annville 

George, Herman Earl Middletown 

Gingrich, Edith A Annville 

Glessner, Silas Forry York 

Goodman, Walter G Grantville 

Gonso, John H Frederick, Md. 

Grimm, Herbert L, Waynesboro 

Groh, Samuel B Lickdale 

Hartz, Robert E Palmyra 

Holdcraft. Paul Ellsworth Frederick, Md. 

Holtzman, Mark George Millersburg 

Hummel, John Paul Hummelstown 

Hummel, Omar L Hummelstown 

Johnson , George E Catawissa 

Kottler, Harry Florin 

Kreider, Edward Landis Palmyra 

Kreider, Henry Horst Annville 

Leister, J. Tvlaurice Cocolamus 

Light, Howard Lebanon 

Ludwig, Harold L Parkton, Md. 

Meyer, Elizabeth May Annville 

Myers, Vera F , Longsdorf 

Moser, Helen G Lebanon 

Mulhollen, Victor D Wilmore 

Peiffer, W. H Annville 

Rank, Raymond Arthur Palmyra 

Riegle, Ralph Millersburg 

Rine, Sedic Sherman Hoffer 

Risser, Blanche Campbelltown 

Roberts, Palmer F Indianapolis, Ind. 

Roland, Florence Reading 

Rosato, Michael Old Forge 

Sherk, John E Fredericksburg 

Suavely, Henry Elias Lebanon 

Spayd, Mary Alice Annville 

Stager, William S Avon 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 59 

Stoner, Roy Edgar Markes 

Walter, John Allen Lebanon 

Wenger, Ira Boyd Jonestown 

Williams, George Albert Annville 

Zullinger, George S Chambersburg 

CONSERVATORY STUDENTS 

Anderson, Scott Alfred Chambersburg 

Bachman, Ora B Annville 

Balthaser, James S Hamburg 

Bechtold, Eva ( irace Lebanon 

Boltz, Walter E Annville 

Blecker, J. Amnion Myerstown 

Bowman, Harry Annville 

Brightbill, Helen Elizabeth Annville 

Christeson, Mar\' Louise Annville 

Christeson, Anna Laura Annville 

Clark, Martha Elizabeth Hummelstown 

Condran, Elsie Annville 

Davis, Ruth M Lebanon 

Deibler, John O Millersburg 

Detweiler, Ruth Christina Palmyra 

Dunmire. Homer Stuart Johnstown 

Edris, Esther Fredericksburg 

Engle, Esther Flummelstown 

Engle, Lorene Hummelstown 

Engle, Ruth Palmyra 

Evans, David Wiconisco 

Evans, Mark Palmyra 

Erb, Bertha Columbia 

Fegan, Lloyd Victor Cleona 

Fink, Catharine Annville 

Foltz, Eva Ma}" Palmyra 

h'^reed, Edith Nissley iVnnville 

Fry, Anna Alma. Palmyra 

Gantz, Lillian Annville 

Gingrich, Edith A Annville 

Gingrich, Katie May Palmyra 

Hardman, Frank H Reading 

Hauer, Mrs. A. L Annville 



6o I.EBANON VAI^IvKY COLLKGE 

Hepler, Bertha E Smithton 

Herr, Harvey Elmer Annville 

Hershey, Catharine E, Hershey 

Horn, George Annville 

Horn, John Annville 

Horn, William Annville 

Howard, Effie E Johnstown 

Kalbach , Minnie L I^ebanon 

Kreider, Elizabeth May Palmyra 

L/ambert, Ruth Hagerstown, Md. 

Ivehman, Max F Annville 

Loose, Emily Palmyra 

Maulfair, Mary Annville 

Meckley , Elizabeth L, Hummelstown 

Meyer, May Annville 

Miller, M. Luther Lebanon 

Moffatt, Albert Annville 

Musser, Mary B Mountville 

Myers, Vera Fishburn Longsdorf 

Nissley, Mary B Middletown 

Nye, Carrie Annville 

Nye, Florence Annville 

Nye, S. Omie Annville 

Ranch, Margaret V Linglestown 

Renn, Earle E Middletown 

Rice, Delia B Annville 

Rigler, Margaret Louise Annville 

Roland, Florence May Reading 

Shenk, Sara Lucile Annville 

Suavely, Sara Alice Cleona 

Snyder, Verda A Keedysville, Md. 

Spayd, Mary Alice Annville 

Smith, Fred S Chambersburg 

Smith, Grace Shoemakersville 

Spessard, Lottie Ma}^ Annville 

Spessard, Bertha Susan Annville 

Spessard, Earle A Annville 

Spessard , Lester L Annville 

Strickler, Sara Kathryn Lebanon 

Strickler, Alfred Desch Lebanon 

Strock, J. Clyde Mechanicsburg 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 6i 

Walters, Olive Irene. Annville 

Zullinger, George S . . Chambersburg 

Yoder, Jesse T Belleville 

ORATORY 

CLASS OF 191 1 

Brnnner, William Albert New Bloomiield 

Clauser, Kathei iiie Annville 

Ischy , John Wesley Sardis, Ohio 

McCurdy, Edith Lebanon 

:My ers, Vera Longsdorf 

CLASS OF 1912 

Brightbill, Helen x\nnville 

Freed, Edith Annville 

Keister, La Verne Annville 

Lambert, Ruth Hagerstown, I\Id. 

Lehman, ^lax F Annville 

INIeyer, Alay Annville 

^liller, Virginia Lebanon 

Plummer, Wilbur C Hagerstown, :Md. 

Smith, Grace Reading 

Spessard, Lester Annville 

Weigle, Amos H Dover 

Yarkers, Edna E McAlisterville 

SPECIAL 

Bomberger, John Wesley Harrisburg 

Bomberger, Mattie x\nnville 

Eby, Esther Annville 

Eby. :\Iildred x\nnville 

Eby, ]Marguerite Annville 

Edris, Carrie Fredericksburg 

Edris, Esther Fredericksburg 

Engle, Esther Hershey 

Gonso, John H Frederick, Md. 

Harnish, Wilber Mechanicsburg 

Holdcraft,Paul Ellsworth Hagerstown, Md, 

Holtzman , Mark Millersburg 

Horn , Clara Kee Windsor 

Jackson, Lucille , Quincy, 111. 



62 IvKBANON VAI.LEY COLIvEGB 

Koontz, Paul West Fairview 

Kohler, Filmore Yoe 

Kreider, Elizabeth Annville 

Kreider, Nancy Annville 

Lehman, Edith Annville 

Marshall, J. Edward Annville 

Nissley , Mary Middletown 

Quigley , Hazel Red Lion 

Saylor , Roger Annville 

Schell, Esther Myerstown 

Spayd, Mary Annville 

Snyder, Verda Hagerstown, ]\Id. 

Spessard, Lottie Annville 

Spessard, Earl Annville 

Thomas, N. B. S Hagerstown, Md. 

Weidler, Victor Royalton 

Yoder, Jesse Belleville 

Ziegler, Samuel Hanover 

ART 

Beaver, Effie Annville 

Boltz, Kathryn Annville 

Brightbill, Helen Elizabeth Annville 

Brunner, Cora Annville 

Davis, Ruth Lebanon 

Erb, Bertha Columbia 

George, H. E Middletown 

Keister, La Verne Annville 

Kreider, Clement Annville 

Kreider, Howard Annville 

Lambert, Ruth Hagerstown, ]Md. 

Marshall, Jessie Annville 

Maulf air, Mary Annville 

Moser, Helen Lebanon 

Nissley, ]\Iary Middletown 

Rigler, Margaret Annville 

Snyder, Verda Hagerstown, j\Id. 

Spangler, Roy Annville 

Stein, Mary Annville 

Withers, Claude Palmyra 

Wolf, Anna Annville 



DEGREES CONFERRED 63 

SUMMARY 

College Students loi 

Seniors. 18 

Juniors 16 

Sophomores 26 

Freshmen 28 

Special , 13 

Academy 53 

Conservatory yy 

Oratory 49 

Art 21 

301 
Names repeated 74 

Total 227 

Degrees Conferred June 9, 1909 

BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Doiter, Charles G Richter, George M. 

Flook, Albert Daniel Spessard, Walter V. 

Hoffer, George Nissley Stehman, J. Warren 

Ivowery, Grace Rurtner Weidler, Deleth Eber 

Aloyer, Amos B. Yeatts, Edna D 

MASTER OF ARTS 

Andrew Bender, on presentation of thesis. 

DOCTOR OF DIVINITY 

Rev. rVrthur B. Statton, Hagerstown, Md. 

Rev. Aaron A. Long, Hummelstown, Pa. 

Rev. Franklin E. Brooke, Toledo, Iowa. 

Degrees conferred June 3, 1908, but omitted from the catalogue of 
1909. 

DOCTOR OF DIVINITY 

Rev. J. Alexander Jenkins, A. M., Ph. D. 
Rev. D. Emory Burtner, A. M., Ph. D. 



FORM OF BEQUEST 

I give and bequeath to Lebanon Valley College located at Annville, 

Pa., the sum of $ and the receipt of the Treasurer thereof 

shall be a sufficient discharge to my executors for the same. 



witness: 



INDEX 

Academy. 40-47 

Absences 42 

Admission 41 

Courses Offered 42 

Description of Courses. 44 

Examinations 41 

Outline of Courses 43 

Advisers 14 

Art Department 54 

Astronomy 31 

Bible. 32 

Biology 33 

Floor Plan 34 

Board of Trustees 3 

Buildings and Grounds 10 

Calendar 2 

Chemistry 37 

Class Standing 15 

College Organizations 12 

Corporation 3 

Courses, Outline of, (College) 21-24 

Degrees Conferred 63 

Degree and Diploma 15 

Discipline 14 

Kconomics 32 

Education 36 

English Language and Literature 29 

Expenses, College and Academy 16 

Department of rVrt 54 

Department of ^lusic , 52 

Faculty and Officers 5 

French Language and Literature 27 

General Information 10 

German Language and Literature 28 

Graduate Work 15 

Greek Language and Literature .-. 25 



Geology .36 

History 31 

History of the College 7 

Ivaboratories 11 

Ivatin Ivanguage and Literature 26 

Ivibrary and Reading Rooms 10 

Mathematics 30 

Music Department 48 

Philosophy 25 

Physics 38 

Political Science 31 

Public Speaking 38 

Religious Work 11 

Register of Students 55 

Requirements for Admission: 

Academy 41 

College 17 

Scholarships 16 

Sociology 32 



1401